Lechich KM, Zarate YA, Daily JA, Collins RT 2nd.Pediatr Cardiol. 2020 May 30. doi: 10.1007/s00246-020-02375-2. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32474735
The aim of this study was to compare the size and geometry of the aorta in patients with 7q11.23 duplication (Dup7) to healthy controls. We retrospectively reviewed all echocardiograms in all patients with Dup7 evaluated at our institutions from June 2017 through September 2019. All standard aortic diameter measurements were made and recorded. Z-scores for the measurements were calculated. For comparison, a set of control echocardiograms was developed by randomly selecting 24 normal echocardiograms in age-matched patients who had undergone echocardiograms for an indication of either chest pain or syncope. In 58 echocardiograms from 21 Dup7 patients, all aortic measurements were increased compared to controls (p < 0.0001). Effacement of the sinotubular junction (STJ) of the aorta was present in all Dup7 patients. Our novel STJ-to-aortic annulus ratio of ≥ 1.15 had a 98.28% sensitivity (95% CI 90.76-99.96) and 100% specificity (95% CI 85.75-100) for distinguishing Dup7 from controls with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 96.00% (95% CI 77.47-99.41). All patients in our study with Dup7 had echocardiographic evidence of aortopathy. Effacement of the STJ was present in all Dup7 patients. The STJ-to-annulus ratio is a better indicator of aortopathy in Dup7 than the aortic Z-score.