Quantification of Biventricular Function and Morphology by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Mice with Pulmonary Artery Banding

Koop AC, Hagdorn QAJ, van de Kolk KCWA, van Oosten A, Weij M, Silljé HHW, Willems TP, Berger RMF.J Vis Exp. 2020 May 13;(159). doi: 10.3791/60837.PMID: 32478718



Right ventricular (RV) function and failure are major determinants of outcome in acquired and congenital heart diseases, including pulmonary hypertension. Assessment of RV function and morphology is complex, partly due to the complex shape of the RV. Currently, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is the golden standard for noninvasive assessment of RV function and morphology. The current protocol describes CMR imaging in a mouse model of RV pressure load induced by pulmonary artery banding (PAB). PAB is performed by placing a 6-0 suture around the pulmonary artery over a 23 G needle. The PAB gradient is determined using echocardiography at 2 and 6 weeks. At 6 weeks, the right and left ventricular morphology and function is assessed by measuring both end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes and mass by ten to eleven cine slices 1 mm thick using a 9.4 T magnetic resonance imaging scanner equipped with a 1,500 mT/m gradient. Representative results show that PAB induces a significant increase in RV pressure load, with significant effects on biventricular morphology and RV function. It is also shown that at 6 weeks of RV pressure load, cardiac output is maintained. Presented here is a reproducible protocol for the quantification of biventricular morphology and function in a mouse model of RV pressure load and may serve as a method for experiments exploring determinants of RV remodeling and dysfunction.