The Brain-Heart Connection in Sympathetically Triggered Inherited Arrhythmia Syndromes

Winbo A, Paterson DJ.
Heart Lung Circ. 2020 Apr;29(4):529-537. doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2019.11.002. Epub 2019 Dec 16. Review.
PMID: 31959550
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Sympathetically triggered inherited arrhythmia syndromes, including the long QT syndrome (LQTS) and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), can cause sudden cardiac death in young individuals with structurally normal hearts. With cardiac events typically triggered by physical or emotional stress, not surprisingly, two of the most common treatments are neuromodulators, including mainstay beta blocker pharmacotherapy, and surgical sympathetic cardiac denervation. This review updates the clinician on the relevant anatomy and physiology of the cardiac autonomic nervous system, outlines neurocardiac arrhythmia mechanisms, and discusses the latest rationale for a neurocardiac therapeutic approach to manage sympathetic-induced arrhythmia in patients with inherited cardiac disease.