Transbaffle/transconduit puncture using a simple CARTO-guided approach without echocardiography in patients with congenital heart disease

Laredo M, Waldmann V, Soulat G, Amet D, Marijon E, Iserin L, Ladouceur M, Zhao A.J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2020 May 26. doi: 10.1111/jce.14590. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32458508



Introduction: Catheter ablation (CA) of atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) often requires technically challenging transbaffle or transconduit puncture. The aim was to assess the feasibility and safety of transbaffle/transconduit puncture based on computed tomography (CT) three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction merged with electro-anatomical mapping (EAM) without per-procedure echocardiographic guidance.

Methods and results: We included 18 consecutive CHD patients in two centers who had atrial-switch or Fontan surgery and underwent CA of AT by an antegrade approach requiring intracardiac puncture. Twelve patients with atrial-switch surgery and six patients with extracardiac Fontan surgery were referred for CA of AT. Cardiac CT with 3D reconstruction was performed before the procedure. The 3D volume of the systemic venous atrium or extracardiac conduit acquired by EAM was merged with the corresponding CT 3D reconstruction. The ablation catheter was positioned at the optimal puncture site. Under fluoroscopic guidance, the needle was positioned next to the ablation and the puncture was performed. Balloon expansion of the puncture site was performed in every case of transconduit puncture and in two (17%) cases of transbaffle puncture. Overall, 17 intra-atrial reentrant tachycarrythmias and 9 focal ATs were successfully ablated, with no acute complications. The median time to access the pulmonary atrium was 78.5 minutes (range, 55-185) and total median fluoroscopy time was 23 minutes (range, 7-53).

Conclusions: Transbaffle and transconduit punctures can be performed safely in CHD patients by using a simple technique relying on CT 3D reconstruction and EAM.