Early angiogenic proteins associated with high risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary hypertension in preterm infants


Arjaans S, Wagner BD, Mourani PM, Mandell EW, Poindexter BB, Berger RMF, Abman SH.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):L644-L654. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00131.2019. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

PMID: 31967847

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Early pulmonary vascular disease in preterm infants is associated with the subsequent development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH); however, mechanisms that contribute to or identify infants with increased susceptibility for BPD and/or PH are incompletely understood. Therefore, we tested if changes in circulating angiogenic peptides during the first week of life are associated with the later development of BPD and/or PH. We further sought to determine alternate peptides and related signaling pathways with the risk for BPD or PH. We prospectively enrolled infants with gestational age <34 wk and collected blood samples during their first week of life. BPD and PH were assessed at 36 wk postmenstrual age. Samples were assayed for each of the 1,121 peptides included in the SOMAscan scan technology, with subsequent pathway analysis. Of 102 infants in the study, 82 had BPD, and 13 had PH. Multiple angiogenic proteins (PF-4, VEGF121, ANG-1, bone morphogenetic protein 10 [BMP10], hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), ANG-2) were associated with the subsequent diagnosis of BPD; and FGF-19, PF-4, connective tissue activating peptide (CTAP)-III, and PDGF-AA levels were associated with BPD severity. Early increases in BMP10 was strongly associated with the late risk for BPD and PH. We found that early alterations of circulating angiogenic peptides and others were associated with the subsequent development of BPD. We further identified peptides that were associated with BPD severity and BPD-associated PH, including BMP10. We speculate that proteomic biomarkers during the first week of life may identify infants at risk for BPD and/or PH to enhance care and research.