Dangrungroj E, Vijarnsorn C, Chanthong P, Chungsomprasong P, Kanjanauthai S, Durongpisitkul K, Soongswang J, Tantiwongkosri K, Subtaweesin T, Sriyoschati S.PeerJ. 2020 May 12;8:e9148. doi: 10.7717/peerj.9148. eCollection 2020.PMID: 32435545 Free PMC article.
Background: Truncus arteriosus (TA) is a complex congenital heart disease that carries morbidities in the first year of life. Previous authors have reported an operative mortality of 50%. In this report, we aim to report on the survival of patients with TA in our medical center in the recent era.
Methods: A retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with TA in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand from August 1995 to March 2018 was performed. Patients with single ventricle, hemiTA were excluded. The characteristics and outcomes of repaired and unrepaired TA patients with a known recent functional status in 2018 were reviewed. Operative mortality risks were analyzed using a multivariate model.
Results: A total of 74 patients (median age at referral: 70 days) were included in the cohort. One-third of the patients had associated anomalies including DiGeorge syndrome (13.5%). Anatomical repair was not performed in 22 patients (29.7%). The median age at time of repair for the 52 patients was 133 days (range: 22 days to 16.7 years). Complex TA was 10%. Early mortality occurred in 16 patients (30.8%). Five patients (9.6%) had late deaths at 0.3-1.2 years. Significant mortality risk was weight at time of operation <4 kg (HR 3.05, 95% CI [1.05-8.74], p-value 0.041). Of the 31 operation survivors, 17 required re-intervention within 0.4-11.4 years. Eight patients had reoperation at 8.7 years (range: 2.7-14.6 years) post-repair. Freedom from reoperation was 93%, 70.4%, and 31%, at 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively. All late survivors were in functional class I-II. Of the 22 unrepaired TA patients, 11 patients (50%) died (median age: 13.6 years; range: 14 days-32.8 years). Survival of unrepaired TA patients was 68.2%, 68.2%, and 56.8, at 5, 10, and 15 years of age, respectively. At the end of study, 11 survivors of TA with palliative treatment had a recent mean oxygen saturation value of 84.1 ± 4.8% and a mean weight for height of 81.4 ± 12.7%, which were significantly lower than those of 31 late-survivors who had undergone anatomical repair.
Conclusion: Contemporary survival rates of patients with TA following operation in the center has been gradually improved over time. Most of the operative mortality occurs in the early postoperative period. Compared to patients with TA who had palliative treatment, operative survivors have a better functional status even though they carry a risk for re-intervention.