Impact of standardized prenatal documentation among newborns with ductal-dependent heart disease

Thomas I, Laventhal NT, Yu S, Lowery R, Gelehrter S.J Perinatol. 2020 May 12. doi: 10.1038/s41372-020-0674-5. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32398739



Introduction: Absent risk stratification, variable physiology of ductal-dependent congenital heart disease (DD-CHD) imparts risk of over-medicalization and unnecessary exclusion from early parental bonding.

Methods: Single-center retrospective cohort study of term infants with isolated prenatally diagnosed DD-CHD expected to require immediate advanced resuscitation/intervention (2005-2017). Standardized documentation (2015 onward) included diagnosis, expected saturations, and allowability of postnatal parental bonding.

Results: The study cohort (n = 386) included 289 patients in the pre-standardized documentation era and 97 in the post-era; the groups had similar characteristics. Fewer infants were born by cesarean in the later era (32% vs. 22%; p = 0.049). Decrease in any respiratory intervention (38-26%; p = 0.03) followed standardized documentation. More patients had any bonding time (22-74%; p < 0.0001), without increase in CPAP or intubation in the first two hours of life (6.9% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.92).

Conclusion: Standardized predelivery documentation for neonates with DD-CHD decreased unnecessary respiratory intervention and increased parental bonding.