Sukhacheva TV, Nizyaeva NV, Samsonova MV, Chernyaev AL, Shchegolev AI, Serov RA.Bull Exp Biol Med. 2020 May;169(1):137-146. doi: 10.1007/s10517-020-04840-7. Epub 2020 Jun 2.PMID: 32488790
Telocytes, a new type of interstitial stem cells with long thin processes that form a three-dimensional network around cardiomyocytes, vessels, and nerve fibers were described in the myocardium of children with tetralogy of Fallot. Two types of morphologically different telocytes, spindle-shaped and rounded, were identified. Contacts of telocytes with stem cells and interstitial macrophages were found. Telocytes were more common in the immature myocardium, where the assembly of myofibrils in cardiomyocytes was not completed and small Ki-67+ cardiomyocyte progenitor cells were present. Telocytes expressed immunohistochemical markers CD117, vimentin, CD34, and CD44. Localization and ultrastructural characteristics of telocytes suggested their participation in stem cell differentiation, coordination of neoangiogenesis, and paracrine regulation of all components of the interstitium.